The thumb is consists of two bones, the distal (first) and proximal (second) phalanges and while a break can occur at any point in the two bones, the most serious site for a fracture is at the joint at the base of the thumb. Rolando and Bennett fractures are breaks that occur at the base of the thumb. Unfortunately, breaks that occur at or near the joint of any broken bone are more difficult to treat, and are far more likely to heal in a misaligned position.
Broken Thumb Symptoms
Broken thumb signs include thumb joint pain, hand swelling, bruised thumb, and/or thumb clicking. A broken thumb is often the result of direct stress, frequently from a fall or from contact sports. Sports that lend themselves to this injury include wrestling, football, hockey, rugby, basketball, and skiing. Like with most injuries, some simple measures can be taken to minimize your chance of injury. The use of proper equipment, padding, and protection will greatly reduce risk a patient’s risk of injury.
Patients that have a history of bone disease or suffer from calcium deficiency are at a higher risk of suffering a broken thumb than are their peers.
Broken Thumb Treatment
Treatment of a broken thumb depends on the location of the fracture. A mid shaft fracture with no displacement may involve wearing a cast for four to six weeks. Surgery may be required for more serious breaks which would require a splint or wrist brace with a thumb spica. Easily the biggest benefit to using a wrist brace with a thumb spica is that you don’t lose mobility in your remaining fingers while your thumb is held in a properly aligned position, this also minimizes stiffness during the healing process.